Brachial Plexus Birth Injuries: A Critical Analysis Review

Nicholas Pulos, William J. Shaughnessy, Robert J. Spinner, Alexander Y. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The incidence of brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) in the United States is declining and now occurs in <1 per 1,000 births. The gold standard for predicting the need for early intervention remains serial examination. Early treatment of BPBI with reconstructive surgery requires the ability to perform both interposition nerve grafting and nerve transfers. Given the heterogeneity of lesions, the evidence is largely limited to retrospective comparative studies and case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2000004
JournalJBJS reviews
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 8 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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