Blood substitutes: Fluids, drugs, or miracle solutions?

Niki M. Dietz, Michael J. Joyner, Mark A. Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


Oxygen-carrying volume-expanding solutions that can sustain life in the absence of red blood cells have been developed. Concerns about side effects, sources of hemoglobin, and the ultimate demonstration of efficacy will have to be satisfactorily addressed before anesthesiologists routinely administer such solutions in place of red cells during surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-405
Number of pages16
JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 13 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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