Bioprosthesis valve replacement in dogs with congenital tricuspid valve dysplasia: Technique and outcome

Shiori Arai, Leigh G. Griffiths, Khursheed Mama, Timothy B. Hackett, Eric Monnet, June A. Boon, Leslie Carter, E. Christopher Orton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe the surgical technique and report outcome of dogs undergoing bioprosthesis valve replacement for severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) secondary to congenital tricuspid valve dysplasia (TVD). Animals, materials and methods: Twelve client-owned dogs (19-43 kg) with TVD underwent tricuspid valve replacement with a bovine pericardial or porcine aortic bioprosthesis with the aid of cardiopulmonary bypass. Anticoagulation with warfarin was maintained for 3 months after surgery and then discontinued. Results: Ten of 12 (83.3%) dogs survived surgery and were discharged from the hospital. Seven dogs were alive with complete resolution of TR for a median period of 48 months (range 1-66 months) after surgery. Two dogs underwent euthanasia because of bioprosthesis failure due to inflammatory pannus at 10 and 13 months after surgery. Two dogs experienced valve thrombosis that was resolved by tissue plasminogen activator. One dog developed suspected endocarditis after surgery that was resolved with antibiotics. Serious cardiac complications included atrial fibrillation and flutter, right-to-left shunt through an uncorrected patent foramen ovale, complete atrioventricular block, and sudden cardiac arrest. Postoperative atrial fibrillation or flutter did not occur in 7 dogs treated prophylactically with oral amiodarone before surgery. Conclusions: Curative intermediate-term outcomes are possible in dogs undergoing open tricuspid valve replacement with a bioprosthesis. Prosthesis-related complications include inflammatory pannus, thrombosis, and endocarditis. Postoperative atrial fibrillation or flutter can be reduced or prevented by prophylactic preoperative treatment with amiodarone. Several identified complications are avoidable or can be reduced with increased awareness and experience with these techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-99
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Veterinary Cardiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2011


  • Bioprosthesis
  • Dog
  • Tricuspid regurgitation
  • Tricuspid valve dysplasia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • General Veterinary


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