Bifunctional Antibody Retargeting In Vivo-Activated T Lymphocytes: Simplifying Clinical Application

Andrei I. Chapoval, Heidi Nelson, Claude Thibault, Christopher Penna, Phillip Dean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


For antitumor x anti-CD3 bifunctional antibody (BFA) therapy to be clinically relevant in solid tumors, activated lymphocytes must be present within tumors. Toward that end, three uniquely different in vivo activation approaches were investigated in a p97 human antigen expressing syngeneic murine melanoma model. β-Glucan (200 μg), staphylocccal enterotoxin B (SEB) (50 μg), and F(ab')2 BFA (10 μg) were tested for their ability to activate lymphocytes, neutralize pulmonary metastases, and treat established tumors. Systemic activation, measured as the ability of splenocytes to lyse tumor cells in vitro in the presence of BFA, was enhanced by the in vivo administration of SEB but not by β-glucan or F(ab')2 BFA. Despite lacking a systemic effect, F(ab')2 BFA increased both direct and BFA-mediated cytotoxicity in fresh tumor infiltrating lymphocytes. β-Glucan did not increase systemic or intratumor T cell activation. However, it significantly enhanced the ability of splenocytes to lyse NK-sensitive YAC-1 cells. When tested in a pulmonary metastases model, all three forms of immune modulation combined with F(ab')2 BFA significantly reduced the number of metastases. BFA were more effective at tumor neutralization when combined with SEB compared with adoptively transferred, in vitro-activated splenocytes. These studies demonstrate that immune modulators when combined with F(ab')2 BFA can provide effective antitumor therapy. Several clinical obstacles may be overcome by the application of these reagents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-577
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hematotherapy and Stem Cell Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Hematology


Dive into the research topics of 'Bifunctional Antibody Retargeting In Vivo-Activated T Lymphocytes: Simplifying Clinical Application'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this