Beyond the campus: Unacknowledged rape among low-income women

Heather Littleton, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Abbey Berenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Studies of college rape victims have found that many are unacknowledged; that is, they do not label their experience rape. The current study investigated factors associated with unacknowledged rape among low-income women. Out of a sample of 1,033 women, 167 reported having experienced rape. Unacknowledged victims, relative to acknowledged victims, reported less violent assaults and more alcohol use before the assault and were more likely to have been assaulted by a romantic partner. Unacknowledged victims also disclosed less often and reported fewer feelings of stigma. Implications of the work for future studies of unacknowledged rape are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-286
Number of pages18
JournalViolence Against Women
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Disclosure
  • Rape
  • Stigma
  • Unacknowledged rape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law


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