Banff schema for grading liver allograft rejection: An international consensus document

Anthony J. Demetris, Kenneth P. Batts, Amar P. Dhillon, Linda Ferrell, John Fung, Stephen A. Geller, John Hart, Pekka Hayry, Walter J. Hofmann, Stephan Hubscher, Josef Kemnitz, George Koukoulis, Randall G. Lee, Klaus J. Lewin, Jurgen Ludwig, Rod S. Markin, Lidija M. Petrovic, M. James Phillips, Bernard Portmann, Jorge RakelaParmjeet Randhawa, Finn P. Reinholt, Michel Reynés, Marie Robert, Hans Schlitt, Kim Solez, Dale Snover, Eero Taskinen, Swan N. Thung, G. Weldon Tillery, Russell H. Wiesner, D. G. Derek Wight, James W. Williams, Hirohiko Yamabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

964 Scopus citations


A panel of recognized experts in liver transplantation pathology, hepatology, and surgery was convened for the purpose of developing a consensus document for the grading of acute liver allograft rejection that is scientifically correct, simple, and reproducible and clinically useful. Over a period of 6 months pertinent issues were discussed via electronic communication media and a consensus conference was held in Banff, Canada in the summer of 1995. Based on previously published data and the combined experience of the group, the panel agreed on a common nomenclature and a set of histopathological criteria for the grading of acute liver allograft rejection, and a preferred method of reporting. Adoption of this internationally accepted, common grading system by scientific journals will minimize the problems associated with the use of multiple different local systems. Modifications of this working document to incorporate chronic rejection are expected in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)658-663
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology


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