Balloon kyphoplasty for treatment of sacral insufficiency fractures. Report of three cases.

H. Gordon Deen, Eric W. Nottmeier

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46 Scopus citations


Sacral insufficiency fracture is a painful injury, for which no effective treatment currently exists. The objective of this study was to report on the clinical outcomes and technical aspects of balloon kyphoplasty, which was used in three patients with this injury. Three elderly women with intractable pain from sacral insufficiency fractures were treated with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) injections into the sacrum by using a modified balloon kyphoplasty procedure. The visual analog scale pain score improved by four points in each case. Functional status was improved and analgesic medication requirements were decreased in all three patients. There were no complications associated with the procedure. Because of the unique anatomy of the sacrum, it was difficult to monitor instrument placement and PMMA injection by using conventional fluoroscopy. BrainLAB image guidance was used in one case, and was helpful in guiding instrument placement and assuring accurate PMMA deposition at the fracture site. Balloon kyphoplasty may be a treatment alternative in selected patients with sacral insufficiency fractures. BrainLAB image guidance may offer some advantages over conventional fluoroscopy with regard to the monitoring of instrument placement and PMMA injection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e7
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 15 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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