B7-H1 glycoprotein blockade: A novel strategy to enhance immunotherapy in patients with renal cell carcinoma

R. Houston Thompson, W. Scott Webster, John C. Cheville, Christine M. Lohse, Haidong Dong, Bradley C. Leibovich, Susan M. Kuntz, Shomik Sengupta, Eugene D. Kwon, Michael L. Blute

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Cancer cell expression of the B7-H1 glycoprotein has been implicated as a potent inhibitor of T cell-mediated antitumoral immunity. We recently reported that B7-H1 is aberrantly expressed in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and suggested that blockade of B7-H1, as demonstrated in several murine cancer models, represents a promising therapeutic target in RCC. Herein, we update our results with tumor-associated B7-H1 and discuss future clinical applications. Between 2000 and 2002, 196 patients underwent nephrectomy for clear-cell RCC and had fresh-frozen tissue available for review. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed on tumor cryosections, and outcome was obtained from the Mayo Clinic Nephrectomy Registry (Rochester, MN). At last follow-up 38 of the 196 patients died of RCC. The median duration of follow-up for patients still alive was 2.7 years. Among the 196 RCC specimens, 130 (66.3%) demonstrated aberrant tumor-associated B7-H1 expression. Patients with tumor-associated B7-H1 expression were significantly more likely to die of RCC compared with patients whose specimens did not have aberrant tumor-associated B7-H1 expression (risk ratio, 3.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30 - 8.55; P = 0.012). This risk persisted in multivariate analysis even after adjusting for the Mayo Clinic SSIGN (stage, size, grade, and necrosis) score (risk ratio, 3.52; 95% CI, 1.35-9.15; P = 0.010). Tumor-associated B7-H1 expression is significantly associated with poor prognosis among patients with clear-cell RCC. Manipulation of B7-H1 with therapeutic intent remains a realistic and viable therapeutic option.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-14
Number of pages5
Issue number5 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Nov 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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