Automated construction of an intraoperative high-dose-rate treatment plan library for the Varian brachytherapy treatment planning system

Christopher L. Deufel, Keith M. Furutani, Robert A. Dahl, Michael G. Haddock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: The ability to create treatment plans for intraoperative high-dose-rate (IOHDR) brachytherapy is limited by lack of imaging and time constraints. An automated method for creation of a library of high-dose-rate brachytherapy plans that can be used with standard planar applicators in the intraoperative setting is highly desirable. Methods and Materials: Nonnegative least squares algebraic methods were used to identify dwell time values for flat, rectangular planar applicators. The planar applicators ranged in length and width from 2 cm to 25 cm. Plans were optimized to deliver an absorbed dose of 10 Gy to three different depths from the patient surface: 0 cm, 0.5 cm, and 1.0 cm. Software was written to calculate the optimized dwell times and insert dwell times and positions into a .XML plan template that can be imported into the Varian brachytherapy treatment planning system. The user may import the .XML template into the treatment planning system in the intraoperative setting to match the patient applicator size and prescribed treatment depth. Results: A total of 1587 library plans were created for IOHDR brachytherapy. Median plan generation time was approximately 1 minute per plan. Plan dose was typically 100% ± 1% (mean, standard deviation) of the prescribed dose over the entire length and width of the applicator. Plan uniformity was best for prescription depths of 0 cm and 0.5 cm from the patient surface. Conclusions: An IOHDR plan library may be created using automated methods. Thousands of plan templates may be optimized and prepared in a few hours to accommodate different applicator sizes and treatment depths and reduce treatment planning time. The automated method also enforces dwell time symmetry for symmetrical applicator geometries, which simplifies quality assurance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-536
Number of pages6
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016


  • Atlas
  • Brachytherapy
  • Intraoperative
  • Library
  • Optimization
  • Sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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