Association of mindfulness with female sexual dysfunction

Richa Sood, Carol L. Kuhle, Jacqueline M. Thielen, Ekta Kapoor, Jennifer A. Vencill, Kristin C. Mara, Stephanie S. Faubion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) affects women of all ages. It is often a multifactorial problem with a strong psychosocial component. Mindfulness may help alleviate FSD with nonjudgmental, present-moment awareness and decreased emotional reactivity. The goal of this study was to assess the association between dispositional or trait mindfulness and FSD. Study Design: In this cross-sectional study at a tertiary care women's health clinic, 1718 cisgender women (mean age, 51.9 years) completed the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), and Female Sexual Distress Scale–Revised (FSDS-R). Main Outcome Measures: Regression analysis was used to test the associations of mindfulness, sexual function, and sexual distress with univariate and multivariable analyses, adjusting for potential confounders. Results: Within the sample, 57% of women met FSD criteria (FSFI scores ≤26.55 and FSDS-R ≥ 11). On univariate analysis, higher MAAS scores, signifying greater mindfulness, were associated with higher (better) sexual function scores, lower sexual distress scores, and lower odds of FSD. This association persisted on multivariable analysis after adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusions: Higher trait mindfulness was associated with better sexual function, lower sexual distress, and lower likelihood of FSD. Further studies are needed to assess the role of mindfulness in mitigating FSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • Dispositional mindfulness
  • Female sexual dysfunction
  • Mindfulness
  • Sexual distress
  • Trait mindfulness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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