Association between Choroidal Characteristics and Systemic Severity in Amyloidosis

Fukutaro Mano, Angela Dispenzieri, Shunji Kusaka, Carlos Pavesio, Hagar Khalid, Pearse A. Keane, Jose S. Pulido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose:This study aimed to describe the choroidal features of ocular amyloidosis using multimodal imaging, to correlate these findings with systemic involvement, and to propose a choroidal grading system.Methods:Eleven patients with systemic amyloidosis were reviewed retrospectively. Each case was assigned a grade according to the severity of choroidal findings as determined by both enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography and indocyanine green angiography. The severity of systemic amyloidosis was then correlated with the choroidal involvement.Results:On indocyanine green angiography, all patients exhibited hyperfluorescent spots in the late stage and were classified according to preexisting criteria. On enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography, hyperreflective foci were seen in the choriocapillaris and Sattler's layer in Grade 1, partial loss of Sattler's layer was additionally seen in Grade 2, and a dense hyperreflective Haller's layer was seen in Grade 3. Choroidal grading scores were significantly correlated with the systemic severity score (P = 0.0014, Pearson's correlation coefficient; ρ = 0.83).Conclusion:With ocular amyloidosis, evaluation of choroidal characteristics using multimodal imaging may serve as a biomarker for systemic involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1037-1046
Number of pages10
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2021


  • amyloidosis
  • choroid
  • indocyanine green angiography
  • multimodal imaging
  • optical coherence tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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