Assessment of cerebral blood perfusion reserve with acetazolamide using 3D spiral ASL MRI: Preliminary experience in pediatric patients

Houchun H. Hu, Zhiqiang Li, Amber L. Pokorney, Jonathan M. Chia, Niccolo Stefani, James G. Pipe, Jeffrey H. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Purpose To demonstrate the clinical feasibility of a new non-Cartesian cylindrically-distributed spiral 3D pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pulse sequence in pediatric patients in quantifying cerebral blood flow (CBF) response to an acetazolamide (ACZ) vasodilator challenge. Materials and methods MRI exams were performed on two 3 Tesla Philips Ingenia systems using 32 channel head coil arrays. After local institutional review board approval, the 3D spiral-based pCASL technique was added to a standard brain MRI exam and evaluated in 13 pediatric patients (average age: 11.7 ± 6.4 years, range: 1.4–22.2 years). All patients were administered ACZ for clinically indicated reasons. Quantitative whole-brain CBF measurements were computed pre- and post-ACZ to assess cerebrovascular reserve. Results 3D spiral pCASL data were successfully reconstructed in all 13 cases. In 11 patients, CBF increased 2.8% to 93.2% after administration of ACZ. In the two remaining patients, CBF decreased by 2.4 to 6.0% after ACZ. The group average change in CBF due to ACZ was approximately 25.0% and individual changes were statistically significant (p < 0.01) in all patients using a paired t-test analysis. CBF perfusion data were diagnostically useful in supporting conventional MR angiography and clinical findings. Conclusion 3D cylindrically-distributed spiral pCASL MRI provides a robust approach to assess cerebral blood flow and reserve in pediatric patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-140
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • 3D spiral MRI
  • Acetazolamide
  • Arterial spin labeling MRI
  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Children
  • Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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