Artificial intelligence and colonoscopy experience: Lessons from two randomised trials

Alessandro Repici, Marco Spadaccini, Giulio Antonelli, Loredana Correale, Roberta Maselli, Piera Alessia Galtieri, Gaia Pellegatta, Antonio Capogreco, Sebastian Manuel Milluzzo, Gianluca Lollo, Dhanai Di Paolo, Matteo Badalamenti, Elisa Ferrara, Alessandro Fugazza, Silvia Carrara, Andrea Anderloni, Emanuele Rondonotti, Arnaldo Amato, Andrea De Gottardi, Cristiano SpadaFranco Radaelli, Victor Savevski, Michael B. Wallace, Prateek Sharma, Thomas Rösch, Cesare Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and aims Artificial intelligence has been shown to increase adenoma detection rate (ADR) as the main surrogate outcome parameter of colonoscopy quality. To which extent this effect may be related to physician experience is not known. We performed a randomised trial with colonoscopists in their qualification period (AID-2) and compared these data with a previously published randomised trial in expert endoscopists (AID-1). Methods In this prospective, randomised controlled non-inferiority trial (AID-2), 10 non-expert endoscopists (<2000 colonoscopies) performed screening/surveillance/diagnostic colonoscopies in consecutive 40-80 year-old subjects using high-definition colonoscopy with or without a real-time deep-learning computer-aided detection (CADe) (GI Genius, Medtronic). The primary outcome was ADR in both groups with histology of resected lesions as reference. In a post-hoc analysis, data from this randomised controlled trial (RCT) were compared with data from the previous AID-1 RCT involving six experienced endoscopists in an otherwise similar setting. Results In 660 patients (62.3±10 years; men/women: 330/330) with equal distribution of study parameters, overall ADR was higher in the CADe than in the control group (53.3% vs 44.5%; relative risk (RR): 1.22; 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.40; p<0.01 for non-inferiority and p=0.02 for superiority). Similar increases were seen in adenoma numbers per colonoscopy and in small and distal lesions. No differences were observed with regards to detection of non-neoplastic lesions. When pooling these data with those from the AID-1 study, use of CADe (RR 1.29; 95% CI: 1.16 to 1.42) and colonoscopy indication, but not the level of examiner experience (RR 1.02; 95% CI: 0.89 to 1.16) were associated with ADR differences in a multivariate analysis. Conclusions In less experienced examiners, CADe assistance during colonoscopy increased ADR and a number of related polyp parameters as compared with the control group. Experience appears to play a minor role as determining factor for ADR. Trial registration number NCT:04260321.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)757-765
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022


  • adenoma
  • artificial Intelligence
  • colonoscopy
  • colorectal cancer
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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