Aromatized Estrogens Amplify Nocturnal Growth Hormone Secretion in Testosterone-Replaced Older Hypogonadal Men

Ferdinand Roelfsema, Rebecca J. Yang, Paul Y. Takahashi, Dana Erickson, Cyril Y. Bowers, Johannes D. Veldhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Context: Testosterone (T) increases GH secretion in older men with a relative lack of T, in hypogonadal men of all ages, and in patients undergoing sex reassignment. The role of estradiol (E2) in men is less well defined. Objective: To assess the contribution of aromatization of T to spontaneous nocturnal and stimulated GH secretion. Participants: Four groups of healthy older men (N = 74, age range 57 to 77 years) were studied. The gonadotropic axis was clamped with the gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist degarelix. Three groups received T and one group placebo addback. Two T-replaced groups were treated with anastrozole (an aromatase inhibitor) and either placebo or E2 addback. Main Outcome Measures: Ten-minute GH concentration profiles were quantified by deconvolution analysis, after overnight (2200 to 0800 hours) sampling, and after combined IV injection of GHRH (0.3 μg/kg) and GHRH-2 (0.3 μg/kg) and withdrawal of a 2-hour somatostatin infusion (1 μg/kg/h). Results: E2 addback during aromatase inhibition increased basal (P = 0.046), pulsatile (P = 0.020), and total (P = 0.018) GH secretion by 60% to 70%. E2 did not potentiate GH secretory stimuli. Logarithmically transformed pulsatile GH secretion correlated strongly and positively with concurrent E2 concentrations overall (P = 0.028) and under anastrozole treatment (P = 0.005). Conclusion: E2 administration in older men transdermally stimulates overnight pulsatile GH secretion. The exact site of E2 action cannot be ascertained from these experiments but may include hypothalamic loci involved in GH regulation, especially because GH secretagogue effects on somatotrope pituitary cells were not affected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4419-4427
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


Dive into the research topics of 'Aromatized Estrogens Amplify Nocturnal Growth Hormone Secretion in Testosterone-Replaced Older Hypogonadal Men'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this