Analysis of proteins and proteomes by mass spectrometry

M. Mann, R. C. Hendrickson, A. Pandey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

891 Scopus citations


A decade after the discovery of electrospray and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI), methods that finally allowed gentle ionization of large biomolecules, mass spectrometry has become a powerful tool in protein analysis and the key technology in the emerging field of proteomics. The success of mass spectrometry is driven both by innovative instrumentation designs, especially those operating on the time-of-flight or ion-trapping principles, and by large-scale biochemical strategies, which use mass spectrometry to detect the isolated proteins. Any human protein can now be identified directly from genome databases on the basis of minimal data derived by mass spectrometry. As has already happened in genomics, increased automation of sample handling, analysis, and the interpretation of results will generate an avalanche of qualitative and quantitative proteomic data. Protein-protein interactions can be analyzed directly by precipitation of a tagged bait followed by mass spectrometric identification of its binding partners. By these and similar strategies, entire protein complexes, signaling pathways, and whole organelles are being characterized. Posttranslational modifications remain difficult to analyze but are starting to yield to generic strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-473
Number of pages37
JournalAnnual Review of Biochemistry
StatePublished - 2001


  • Functional genomics
  • Phosphorylation
  • Posttranslational modifications
  • Protein interaction
  • Proteomics
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Analysis of proteins and proteomes by mass spectrometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this