An Updated Review on Myocardial Bridging

Ghulam Murtaza, Debabrata Mukherjee, Shahyar M. Gharacholou, Aravinda Nanjundappa, Carl J. Lavie, Abdul Ahad Khan, Madhan Shanmugasundaram, Timir K. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Myocardial bridging is a congenital coronary anomaly with normal epicardial coronary artery taking an intra-myocardial course also described as tunneled artery. The majority of patients with this coronary anomaly are asymptomatic and generally it is a benign condition. However, it is an important cause of myocardial ischemia, which may lead to anginal symptoms, acute coronary syndrome, cardiac arrhythmias and rarely sudden cardiac death. There are numerous studies published in the recent past on understanding the pathophysiology, diagnostic and management strategies of myocardial bridging. This review highlights some of the recent updates in the diagnosis and management of patients with myocardial bridging. We discuss the role of various non-invasive and invasive diagnostic methods to evaluate functional significance of bridging. In addition, role of medical therapy such as beta-blockers, percutaneous coronary intervention with stents/bioresorbable scaffolds and surgical unroofing in patients unresponsive to medical therapy is highlighted as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1169-1179
Number of pages11
JournalCardiovascular Revascularization Medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • Artery
  • Bridging
  • Coronary
  • Ischemia
  • Myocardium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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