An expanded view of infantile esotropia: Bottoms up!

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A recent editorial in the Archives assigned the primary pathogenesis of infantile esotropia to the visual cortex. This analysis addresses the limitations of this timeworn view and advances the perspective that infantile esotropia is a cortico-mesencephalic-cerebellar disorder wherein binocular cortical maldevelopment permits atavistic subcortical visual pathways to remain operational. This integrated neuroanatomical model predicts that primary neurodevelopmental disorders involving the accessory optic system or its connections to the cerebellum can also give rise to infantile esotropia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1199-1202
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of ophthalmology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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