Herein we present a case of an 80-year-old gentleman who presented with exertional dyspnea status post aortic valve replacement with #23 Trifecta pericardial St. Jude aortic bioprosthetic valve (BV) 12 years prior. He subsequently underwent valve re-replacement due cusp calcification. Histologically, the surgically explanted BV revealed Congophilic deposits with birefringence under cross-polarized light. Extensive work-up identified no systemic source of amyloid in this patient. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based (LC-MS/MS) proteomics showed the amyloid was composed of human-origin amyloid signature proteins (apolipoprotein A4, apolipoprotein E, serum amyloid P) and human-origin mu heavy chains. Background bovine collagen was also present. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed collections of 7.5-10 nm nonbranching fibrils, consistent with amyloid. Using these techniques, we classified the amyloid as Mu heavy chain, deposition of which is highly unusual in BV. Finally, we provide a review of the literature regarding isolated amyloid deposition in BV.
- Aortic valve
- Bioprosthetic Valve
- Liquid Chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based proteomics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine