Acute ether stress differentially affects corticotropin-releasing factor and urocortin 1 in the Brattleboro rat

Linda Sterrenburg, Alexandra Borch, Bernard W.M.M. Peeters, Ottó Pintér, Dóra Zelena, Eric W. Roubos, Tamás Kozicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Arginine-vasopressin (AVP), corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and urocortin 1 (Ucn1) play a role in the stress response. The CRF-producing paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN), oval bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BSTov) and central amygdala (CeA), and the Ucn1-expressing non-preganglionic Edinger-Westphal nucleus (npEW) all possess AVP receptors. We hypothesized that AVP is involved in the response of these four brain centers to acute physiological (ether) stress. To test this hypothesis, we studied AVP-deficient Brattleboro (BB) rats using quantitative immunocytochemistry. First, we showed that non-stressed wild-type (WT) and BB rats did not differ from each other in Fos contents, indicating similar (immediate early) gene expression activity, but that in BB rats CRF contents were lower in the PVN and higher in the CeA. Second, we found that stress induced Fos response in the PVN, CeA and npEW with strengths different for each center, but similar for BB and WT rats. Finally, no effects of stress on CRF and Ucn1 contents were seen in the WT rat brain, but in BB rats stress increased CRF contents in the PVN, and the CeA revealed more CRF in stressed BB than in WT rats. On the basis of these results we propose that during acute stress AVP interacts with, especially, the PVN and the CeA, to change their rates of biosynthesis and/or release of CRF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Research
StatePublished - Jun 29 2011


  • Arginine-vasopressin
  • Central amygdala
  • Edinger-Westphal nucleus
  • Fos
  • Non-preganglionic
  • Oval bed nucleus of the stria terminalis
  • Paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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