Activation of rat mesenteric arterial KATP channels by 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid

Dan Ye, Wei Zhou, Hon Chi Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), the cytochrome P-450 epoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid, are candidates of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors. We have previously reported that EETs are potent activators of cardiac ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels, but their effects on the vascular KATP channels are unknown. With the use of whole cell patch-clamp techniques with 0.1 mM ATP in the pipette and holding at -60 mV, freshly isolated smooth muscle cells from rat mesenteric arteries had small glibenclamide-sensitive currents at baseline (13.1 ± 3.9 pA, n = 5) that showed a 7.2-fold activation by 10 μM pinacidil (94.1 ± 21.9 pA, n = 7, P < 0.05). 11,12-EET dose dependently activated the KATP current with an apparent EC50 of 87 nM. Activation of the KATP channels by 500 nM 11,12-EET was inhibited by inclusion of the PKA inhibitor peptide (5 μM) but not by the inclusion of the PKC inhibitor peptide (100 μM) in the pipette solution. These results were corroborated by vasoreactivity studies. 11,12-EET produced dose-dependent vasorelaxation in isolated small mesenteric arteries, and this effect was reduced by 50% with glibenclamide (1 μM) preincubation. The 11,12-EET effects on vasorelaxation were also significantly attenuated by preincubation with cell-permeant PKA inhibitor myristoylated PKI(14-22), and, in the presence of PKA inhibitor, glibenclamide had no additional effects. These results suggest that 11,12-EET is a potent activator of the vascular KATP channels, and its effects are dependent on PKA activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H358-H364
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1 57-1
StatePublished - Jan 2005


  • ATP-sensitive K channel
  • Mesenteric artery
  • Protein kinase A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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