Academic Rank Barriers for Physician Assistants and Nurse Practitioners

Patricia A. Mackey, Shari T. Perez, Melanie A. Frederixon, Jane B. Northern, Heidi J. Garcia, Kara L. Boyd, Tammy L. Larson-Cain, Kimberly A. Jameson, Curtiss B. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to assess physician assistant (PA) and nurse practitioner (NP) perceived barriers to obtaining academic rank. A questionnaire was administered to PAs and NPs at the 3 main campuses of an academic medical enterprise. Of the 800 surveys sent out, 403 (50%) were returned. Overall, 70% of respondents indicated that they did not have academic rank. Most (74%) felt that achieving rank was important. The most common barrier to achieving rank was "lack of time" 64% indicated 2 or more barriers. Strategies to improve recognition through academic advancement need to be developed and tested for their effect on PA and NP careers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e211-e218
JournalJournal for Nurse Practitioners
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2016


  • Academic rank
  • Attitudes
  • Barriers
  • Nurse practitioner
  • Physician assistant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • LPN and LVN
  • Fundamentals and skills


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