A Study of Two-Dimensional Array Transducers for Limited Diffraction Beams

Jian Yu Lu, James F. Greenleaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


The newly developed limited diffraction beams such as the Bessel beams and X-waves have a large depth of field and approximate depth-independent property. They have possible applications in medical imaging color Doppler imaging tissue characterization and nondestructive evaluation of materials and in other wave related physical branches such as electromagnetics and optics. However limited diffraction beams, are currently produced with an annular array transducer that has to be steered mechanically. In this paper we study the feasibility of steering these beams with a two-dimensional array and show that there will be almost no. distortion, of beams if the effective aperture reduction of the array is properly compensated so that the beams have a constant transverse profile as they are steered. In addition, methods for reducing the complexity of the electronic multiplexing of the array elements are proposed. We also investigate the influencesof the interelement distance and the size of array elements on the sidelobesand grating lobes of limited diffraction beams as the beams are steered. They are similar to those previously reported for conventional beams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)724-739
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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