A smart atlas for endomicroscopy using automated video retrieval

Barbara André, Tom Vercauteren, Anna M. Buchner, Michael B. Wallace, Nicholas Ayache

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


To support the challenging task of early epithelial cancer diagnosis from in vivo endomicroscopy, we propose a content-based video retrieval method that uses an expert-annotated database. Motivated by the recent successes of non-medical content-based image retrieval, we first adjust the standard Bag-of-Visual-Words method to handle single endomicroscopic images. A local dense multi-scale description is proposed to keep the proper level of invariance, in our case to translations, in-plane rotations and affine transformations of the intensities. Since single images may have an insufficient field-of-view to make a robust diagnosis, we introduce a video-mosaicing technique that provides large field-of-view mosaic images. To remove outliers, retrieval is followed by a geometrical approach that captures a statistical description of the spatial relationships between the local features. Building on image retrieval, we then focus on efficient video retrieval. Our approach avoids the time-consuming parts of the video-mosaicing by relying on coarse registration results only to account for spatial overlap between images taken at different times. To evaluate the retrieval, we perform a simple nearest neighbors classification with leave-one-patient-out cross-validation. From the results of binary and multi-class classification, we show that our approach outperforms, with statistical significance, several state-of-the art methods. We obtain a binary classification accuracy of 94.2%, which is quite close to clinical expectations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)460-476
Number of pages17
JournalMedical Image Analysis
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2011


  • Bag-of-Visual-Words (BoW)
  • Content-Based Video Retrieval (CBVR)
  • Endomicroscopy
  • Video-mosaicing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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