A possible role for endogenous opioids in the control of prolactin and luteinizing-hormone secretion in the human

Johannes D. Veldhuis, T. J. Worgul, R. Monsaert, J. M. Hammond

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13 Scopus citations


We investigated the participation by endogenous opioid peptides in the control of prolactin and gonadotropin secretion in 5 normal men and 6 normal women, and in 4 men and 5 women with persisting hyperprolactinemia following transsphenoidal pituitary microsurgery for prolactinomas. Iv administration of the specific opiate-receptor antagonist, naloxone hydrochloride (0.2 mg/kg bolus), failed to affect serially sampled serum prolactin levels in normal male or female subjects. With prolactinoma patients, naloxone suppressed hyperprolactinemia to 37% and 32% of mean control values in 2 of 4 males, but in none of 6 females. When luteinizing hormone was serially sampled under the same conditions, 5 of 5 normal males (but no female, normal or abnormal) demonstrated a monophasic increase in serum LH concentrations after injection of the antagonist. The LH peak was 55 ± 4% above basal levels (p < 0.01). In contrast to normal men, only one of 4 hyperprolactinemic male patients manifested a stimulatory response of LH to naloxone. Among all 20 subjects, none exhibited a change in FSH levels acutely after naloxone. These data suggest that: i) naloxone will not fulfill its postulated role as an ideal therapy for hyperprolactinemia and hypogonadotropism, at least in women; ii) endogenous opioids may participate in the neuroendocrine regulation of LH secretion in the normal human; iii) male-female differences may modify the role of endogenous opioids; and iv) some male patients with hyperprolactinemia exhibit defective opioid-related neuroregulation of LH secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-36
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Endocrinology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1981


  • Prolactin
  • dopaminergic
  • follicle-stimulating hormone
  • hyperprolactinemia
  • luteinizing hormone
  • morphine
  • naloxone
  • neuroregulation
  • opiates
  • opioids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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