Albumin-interferon-α (IFN-α) is a novel 85.7-kDa recombinant protein consisting of IFN-α that is genetically fused to human serum albumin. In this Phase I/II, multicentre, open-label study, we evaluated the safety and tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of albumin-IFN-α in IFN-α-experienced patients with chronic hepatitis C. Albumin-IFN-α was administered in 22 escalating doses (7-900 μg) in a single injection or in two injections 14 days apart. In the 119 patients studied, there were no discontinuations because of adverse events, and albumin-IFN-α had a favourable safety profile at doses up to 900 μg. The most common adverse events were headache (56%), fatigue (52%), injection site erythema (38%), arthralgias (32%) and pyrexia (27%). Reduced clearance resulted in a mean elimination half-life of 159 h, which supports dosing at 2- to 4-week intervals. Induction of the IFN-specific gene OAS1 was maintained for ≥28 days following a single injection of albumin-IFN-α at doses of ≥40 μg. Dose-dependent antiviral activity was observed in this IFN-α-experienced study population. Antiviral activity of ≥1.0-log reductions in HCV RNA was observed in 47% (37/78) of patients in the 120- to 900-μg cohorts and in 59% (16/27) in the 400- to 900-μg double-injection cohorts. These results support further clinical studies of albumin-IFN-α for the treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Mar 6 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases