Purpose: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicity, and pharmacokinetics of 17-allylamino-demethoxy-geldanamycin (17-AAG) administered on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 every 21 days and to examine the effect of 17-AAG on the levels of chaperone and client proteins. Experimental Design: A phase I dose escalating trial in patients with advanced solid tumors was done. Toxicity and tumor responses were evaluated by standard criteria. Pharmacokinetics were done and level of target proteins was measured at various points during cycle one. Results: Thirteen patients were enrolled in the study. MTD was defined as 220 mg/m2. Dose-limiting toxicities were as follows: dehydration, diarrhea, hyperglycemia, and liver toxicity. At the MTD, the mean clearance of 17-AAG was 18.7 L/h/m2. There was a significant decrease in integrin-linked kinase at 6 hours after infusion on day 1 but not at 25 hours in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Treatment with 17-AAG on day 1 significantly increased pretreatment levels of heat shock protein (HSP) 70 on day 4, which is consistent with the induction of a stress response. In vitro induction of a stress response and up-regulation of HSP70 resulted in an increased resistance to HSP90-targeted therapy in A549 cells. Conclusions: The MTD of 17-AAG on a twice-weekly schedule was 220 mg/m2. Treatment at this dose level resulted in significant changes of target proteins and also resulted in a prolonged increase in HSP70. This raises the possibility that HSP70 induction as part of the stress response may contribute to resistance to 17-AAG.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research