A National Contemporary Analysis of Perioperative Outcomes of Open versus Minimally Invasive Sacrocolpopexy

Brian J. Linder, John A. Occhino, Elizabeth B. Habermann, Amy E. Glasgow, Katherine A. Bews, Boris Gershman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Purpose: We evaluated the perioperative morbidity of open abdominal sacrocolpopexy and minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy using data on a contemporary nationwide cohort. Materials and Methods: We used the ACS (American College of Surgeons) NSQIP® (National Surgical Quality Improvement Program) database to identify women who underwent abdominal or minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy from 2010 to 2016. Associations of surgical approach with 30-day complications, blood transfusion, prolonged hospitalization and reoperation were evaluated by logistic regression. Hospital readmission within 30 days was calculated by the person-years method and Cox proportional hazard models. Results: A total of 4,362 women underwent sacrocolpopexy, including abdominal sacrocolpopexy in 1,179 (27%) and minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy in 3,183 (73%). The proportion of minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy increased during the study period from 70% in 2010 to 82% in 2016. Baseline characteristics were similar between the treatment groups aside from a higher rate of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p = 0.03) and higher preoperative albumin (p <0.0001) among abdominal sacrocolpopexy cases. Compared to abdominal sacrocolpopexy, minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy was associated with lower rates of 30-day complications (p = 0.001), deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary embolism (p = 0.02), surgical site infections (p <0.0001), shorter hospitalization (p <0.0001) and fewer blood transfusions (p = 0.01). Minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy was also associated with a lower 30 person-days readmission rate (2% vs 2.7%, p ≤0.0001) and 30-day reoperation rate (1.1% vs 1.4%, p <0.0001). On multivariable analysis minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy was independently associated with a reduced risk of 30-day complications (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.28, 0.76, p = 0.002), blood transfusion (OR 0.33, 95% CI 0.15, 0.74, p = 0.007), prolonged hospitalization (OR 0.16, 95% CI 0.12, 0.23, p <0.001) and readmission (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.41, 0.96, p = 0.03). Conclusions: Minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy was associated with reduced rates of 30-day complications, blood transfusion, prolonged hospitalization and hospital readmission compared to abdominal sacrocolpopexy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)862-867
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2018


  • minimally invasive surgical procedures
  • pelvic organ prolapse
  • postoperative complications
  • robotic surgical procedures
  • urinary bladder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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