Within-Person Blood Pressure Variability During Hospitalization and Clinical Outcomes Following First-Ever Acute Ischemic Stroke

Mohammed Yousufuddin, M. H. Murad, Jessica L. Peters, Taylor J. Ambriz, Katherine R. Blocker, Kanika Khandelwal, Sandeep R. Pagali, Sanjeev Nanda, Ahmed Abdalrhim, Urvish Patel, Sagar Dugani, Kogulavadanan Arumaithurai, Paul Y. Takahashi, Kianoush B. Kashani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Uncertainty remains over the relationship between blood pressure (BP) variability (BPV), measured in hospital settings, and clinical outcomes following acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We examined the association between within-person systolic blood pressure (SBP) variability (SBPV) during hospitalization and readmission-free survival, all-cause readmission, or all-cause mortality 1 year after AIS. METHODS: In a cohort of 862 consecutive patients (age [mean ± SD] 75 ± 15 years, 55% women) with AIS (2005-2018, follow-up through 2019), we measured SBPV as quartiles of standard deviations (SD) and coefficient of variation (CV) from a median of 16 SBP readings obtained throughout hospitalization. RESULTS: In the cumulative cohort, the measured SD and CV of SBP in mmHg were 16 ± 6 and 10 ± 5, respectively. The hazard ratios (HR) for readmission-free survival between the highest vs. lowest quartiles were 1.44 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.81) for SD and 1.29 (95% CI 0.94-1.78) for CV after adjustment for demographics and comorbidities. Similarly, incident readmission or mortality remained consistent between the highest vs. lowest quartiles of SD and CV (readmission: HR 1.29 [95% CI 0.90-1.78] for SD, HR 1.29 [95% CI 0.94-1.78] for CV; mortality: HR 1.15 [95% CI 0.71-1.87] for SD, HR 0.86 [95% CI 0.55-1.36] for CV). CONCULSIONS: In patients with first AIS, SBPV measured as quartiles of SD or CV based on multiple readings throughout hospitalization has no independent prognostic implications for the readmission-free survival, readmission, or mortality. This underscores the importance of overall patient care rather than a specific focus on BP parameters during hospitalization for AIS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-32
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • blood pressure
  • hypertension
  • ischemic stroke
  • mortality
  • readmission
  • variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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