Whole Body Retrograde Perfusion Combined With Central Aortic Perfusion Strategy in the Repair of Distal Arch Pathology Through a Lateral Thoracotomy

Hidetake Kawajiri, Nishant Saran, Joseph A. Dearani, Hartzell V. Schaff, Richard C. Daly, Jason K. Viehman, Katherine S. King, Alberto Pochettino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To compare the results of the hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) + retrograde whole-body perfusion (RBP) technique with those of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA-only) approach. Methods: Limited data are available on cerebral protection techniques when distal arch repairs are performed through a lateral thoracotomy. In 2012, the RBP technique was introduced as adjunct to HCA during open distal arch repair via thoracotomy. We reviewed the results of the HCA + RBP technique compared with those of the DHCA-only approach. From February 2000 to November 2019, 189 patients (median age, 59 [IQR, 46 to 71] years; 30.7% female) underwent open distal arch repair via lateral thoracotomy to treat aortic aneurysms. The DHCA technique was used in 117 patients (62%, median age 53 [IQR, 41 to 60] years), whereas HCA + RBP was used in 72 patients (38%, median age 65 [IQR, 51 to 74] years). In HCA + RBP patients, cardiopulmonary bypass was interrupted when systemic cooling achieved isoelectric electroencephalogram; once the distal arch had been opened, RBP was then initiated via the venous cannula (flow of 700 to 1000 mL/min, central venous pressure <15 to 20 mm Hg). Results: The stroke rate was significantly lower in the HCA + RBP group (3%, n=2) compared with the DHCA-only (12%, n=14) (P=.031), despite longer circulatory arrest times in HCA + RBP compared with the DHCA-only (31 [IQR, 25 to 40] minutes vs 22 [IQR, 17 to 30] minutes, respectively; P<.001). Operative mortality for patients undergoing HCA + RBP was 6.7% (n=4), whereas for those undergoing DHCA-only it was 10.4% (n=12) (P=.410). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year age-adjusted survival rates for the DHCA group are 86%, 81%, and 75%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year age-adjusted survival rates for the HCA + RBP group are 88%, 88%, and 76%, respectively. Conclusion: The addition of RBP to HCA in the treatment of distal open arch repair via a lateral thoracotomy is safe and provides excellent neurological protection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-442
Number of pages11
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Volume98
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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