Eosinophil degranulation is a determining factor in allergy-mediated airway pathology. Receptor-mediated degranulation in eosinophils requires vesicle-associated membrane protein 7 (VAMP-7), a principal component of the SNARE fusion machinery. The specific contribution of eosinophil degranulation to allergen-induced airway responses remains poorly understood. We generated mice with VAMP-7 gene deficiency exclusively in eosinophils (eoCRE/V7) from a cross using eosinophil-specific Cre recombinase-expressing mice crossed with VAMP-7f/f mice. Eosinophils from eoCRE/V7 mice showed deficient degranulation responses in vitro, and responses continued to be decreased following ex vivo intratracheal adoptive transfer of eoCRE/V7 eosinophils into IL-5/hE2/EPX−/− mice. Consistent with diminished degranulation responses, reduced airway hyperresponsiveness was observed in ovalbumin-sensitized and challenged eoCRE/V7 mice following methacholine inhalation. Therefore, VAMP-7 mediates eosinophil degranulation both in vitro and ex vivo, and this event augments airway hyperresponsiveness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Medicine (miscellaneous)