Use of regenerative treatments in treatment of lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease: A systematic review

Yagiz Ugur Yolcu, F. M. Moinuddin, Waseem Wahood, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Wenchun Qu, Mohamad Bydon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Low back pain due to lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) is one of the most common causes of disability and morbidity, particularly among older adults. Current research efforts in lumbar DDD management are shifting towards identifying and correcting the pathology in intervertebral discs without any external manipulation. Herein, we present a systematic review of current literature regarding regenerative treatments for lumbar DDD. An electronic search of databases including PubMed, Ovid/MEDLINE, Cochrane and Scopus was conducted for articles in all available years. Studies that investigated treatment for discogenic pain in lumbar DDD, including any type of stem cell or bone marrow concentrate as the treatment agent and studies that report both baseline and follow-up pain and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores were included in the review. Changes in pain and ODI scores were calculated for 3-month, 6-month and 12-month periods. Six studies with a total of 93 patients were evaluated. Mean (SD) age of the pooled sample was 40.0(8.1) and 39.5% (32/81) of patients were female. Pain improvement was reported in 38.8% of patients at 3-month, 40.8% at 6-month and 44.1% at 12-month follow-up. Average improvement in ODI score for 3-month, 6-month and 12-month follow-ups was calculated to be 24.0, 26.5 and 25.7, respectively. Regenerative treatments are being increasingly employed across all spectrums of medicine. Review of six single arm studies revealed a potential positive impact in the preliminary results. However, these promising ‘preliminary’ results should not be interpreted as the definite treatment and should be validated with further prospective studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105916
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
StatePublished - Aug 2020


  • Bone marrow concentrate
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Discogenic pain
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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