Background: Flecainide is a class IC antiarrhythmic drug that is contraindicated in patients who have a history of myocardial infarction, but its effect on mortality and risk of proarrhythmia in patients with stable obstructive and nonobstructive epicardial coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been assessed. Objective: We sought to compare the safety of flecainide administration in patients who had angiographic evidence of either no or minimal CAD versus nonobstructive CAD, and those who underwent nuclear stress testing with perfusion defects versus those without perfusion defects. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 348 patients who were treated with flecainide for at least 1 year duration and underwent evaluation for CAD with coronary angiography or myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) stress testing within 3 months of initiating flecainide. We compared overall mortality and proarrhythmia between varying levels of CAD and perfusion defects. Results: There was a similar 10-year survival between those with no or minimal CAD, nonobstructive CAD, and obstructive CAD (p = 0.6). Additionally, there was no difference in arrhythmia burden, including sustained ventricular tachycardias or frequent premature ventricular contractions (> 5% daily burden; p = 0.25). There was also no increase in mortality among those who had reversible perfusion defects >0% compared with those without, among subjects who underwent MPI (p = 0.14). On subgroup analysis, there was no increased risk in all-cause mortality with any specific coronary artery involvement, or with obstructive multivessel CAD (p = 0.89). Conclusion: Flecainide use is not associated with an increase in either all-cause mortality or ventricular arrhythmias in low-risk patients with stable nonobstructive CAD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pharmacology (medical)