Tumor gene therapy made easy: Allogeneic major histocompatibility complex in the C6 rat glioma model

Andreas S. Beutler, Michaela S. Banck, Dirk Wedekind, Hans J. Hedrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


The C6 glioma in the immune-competent rat is a frequently used model in brain tumor gene therapy research. It displays the histologic hallmarks of the human glioblastoma and has been employed to demonstrate new mechanisms of anti-tumor immunity and therapeutic strategies. We noted that C6 tumors regressed spontaneously in three of five animals and that protective anti-tumor immunity ensued without therapeutic intervention. A review of the literature revealed that different rat strains are used as 'syngeneic' host for the C6 cell glioma, namely, BDIX, BDX, Sprague-Dawley, and Wistar. Allelotyping of the RT1.A (rat MHC I homolog) by a serologic technique and of the RT1.B (rat MHC II homolog) by a newly developed molecular technique showed that C6 cells express the haplotype RT1(u) and are allogeneic in the preceding rat strains. Expression of the gene encoding the transactivator CIITA in C6 gliomas using an EBV-based transduction system led to induction of MHC I and II and thereby mimicked therapeutic responses that could not operate in syngeneic models. These data suggest that the C6 glioma model in the immune-competent rat should no longer be used to study gene therapy strategies, that the available data obtained in this model need to be critically reinterpreted, and that findings obtained in the C6 glioma model may not be sufficient to support a clinical trial in glioblastoma patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
JournalHuman gene therapy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


Dive into the research topics of 'Tumor gene therapy made easy: Allogeneic major histocompatibility complex in the C6 rat glioma model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this