Transvenous embolization of cerebrospinal fluid-venous fistulas: Independent validation and feasibility of upper-extremity approach and using dual-microcatheter and balloon pressure cooker technique

Donna Parizadeh, Olga Fermo, Prasanna Vibhute, Vivek Gupta, Jorge L. Arturo Larco, Sanjeet S. Grewal, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Young M. Erben, Steven Clendenen, Todd D. Rozen, Thien J. Huynh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Transvenous embolization is emerging as a promising treatment for cerebrospinal fluid-venous fistulas (CVF) associated with spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH). Objective To perform an independent validation of the efficacy and safety of the procedure and describe the procedural techniques used at our institution. Methods A retrospective review was performed including consecutive patients with SIH who had undergone CVF embolization with 3-month clinical and imaging follow-up. Clinical evaluation included the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) Scale and six-item Headache Impact Test (HIT-6). Bern SIH score was used for imaging evaluation on brain MRI. Post-treatment changes in scores were assessed by Wilcoxon signed rank test. Procedural technical details, including use of upper-extremity access and dual-microcatheter pressure cooker technique, were recorded. Results 18 patients (13 female, median age 60 years) were included. 17 (94%) procedures were performed with upper-extremity access and 12 (67%) using dual-microcatheter pressure cooker technique. After embolization, 16 (89%) patients reported much or very much improved at follow-up PGIC; median (IQR) HIT-6 score improved from 68 (62-72) to 36 (36-38) and Bern SIH score improved from 8 (6-8) to 3 (1.5-3.5), p values <0.001. Side effects were transient embolization site back pain in 15 (83%) and rebound intracranial hypertension requiring medical management in 9 (50%) patients. HIT-6 and Bern SIH score changes were similar between conventional and pressure cooker techniques (p values >0.05). Conclusion Transvenous embolization is independently validated as a highly effective and safe treatment for CVF and is feasible using upper-extremity venous access. Dual-microcatheter and balloon/coil pressure cooker techniques may be used to optimize distribution of embolic material and potentially, treatment efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1234-1241
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurointerventional surgery
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2023

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Coil
  • Fistula
  • Liquid Embolic Material
  • Spine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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