Transition to nursing home from assisted living is not associated with dementia or dementia-related problem behaviors

Paul B. Rosenberg, Michelle M. Mielke, Quincy M. Samus, Adam Rosenblatt, Alva Baker, Jason Brandt, Peter V. Rabins, Constantine G. Lyketsos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Objectives: To examine risk factors for transition from assisted living (AL) care to skilled nursing facility (SNF) care in a random sample of adults residing in AL. Design: Baseline clinical evaluation and telephone follow-up at 6-month intervals for up to 36 months. Setting: AL facilities in central Maryland. Participants: There were 198 participants randomly sampled from AL facilities stratified by facility size. Measurements: Consensus diagnoses by multidisciplinary geriatric psychiatry team as well as a broad range of neuropsychiatric and functional scales including Neuropsychiatric Inventory, Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, Mini-Mental State Exam, and Alzheimer's Disease Related Quality of Life Scale, as well as cognitive tests. Possible risk factors for transition to SNF were assessed in Cox proportional-hazards multivariate regression methods, using a P value less than .05 for statistical significance. Results: Twenty-nine participants transitioned to SNF care. Mean AL survival time from baseline evaluation was 0.8 (SD 0.6) years for residents transitioned to SNF and 1.4 (SD 0.7) years for residents remaining in AL at follow-up. Risk factors for transition to SNF included declining health, chronic pain, appetite changes, and being widowed, while insomnia was protective against transition to SNF. Surprisingly, dementia and neuropsychiatric symptoms did not increase risk of transition to SNF. Conclusion: Survival time in AL is determined by factors similar to those operating on community-dwelling elderly, but dementia and neuropsychiatric symptoms do not alter survival time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006


  • Assisted living
  • Chronic pain
  • Dementia
  • Insomnia
  • Nursing home
  • Survival analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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