To the point: medical education review of the role of simulators in surgical training

Maya M. Hammoud, Francis S. Nuthalapaty, Alice R. Goepfert, Petra M. Casey, Sandra Emmons, Eve L. Espey, Joseph M. Kaczmarczyk, Nadine T. Katz, James J. Neutens, Edward G. Peskin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Simulation-based training (SBT) is becoming widely used in medical education to help residents and medical students develop good technical skills before they practice on real patients. SBT seems ideal because it provides a nonthreatening controlled environment for practice with immediate feedback and can include objective performance assessment. However, various forms of SBT and assessment often are being used with limited evidence-based data to support their validity and reliability. In addition, although SBT with high-tech simulators is more sophisticated and attractive, this is not necessarily superior to SBT with low-tech (and lower cost) simulators. Therefore, understanding the types of surgical simulators and appropriate applications can help to ensure that this teaching and assessment modality is applied most effectively. This article summarizes the key concepts that are needed to use surgical simulators effectively for teaching and assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-343
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2008


  • assessment
  • medical education
  • simulator
  • training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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