The Relationship of Mentorship to Career Outcomes in Academic Psychiatry and Psychology: a Needs Assessment

Leslie A. Sim, Kristin S. Vickers, Paul E. Croarkin, Mark D. Williams, Matthew M. Clark, Della J. Derscheid, Maria I. Lapid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Faculty development is designed to facilitate career advancement of junior faculty but there is limited empirical evidence on how to design an effective program. Methods: As a first step in the design of an effective program, a needs assessment was conducted. Participants were faculty members of an academic psychiatry department. Participants completed a quantitative and qualitative survey assessing their experience with mentors, academic self-efficacy, career burnout and satisfaction, academic productivity, and perceived barriers to scholarship. Results: Eighty percent (N = 104) of eligible faculty members completed the study survey (54% female; 81% White, 10% underrepresented in medicine). Less than half of the respondents (44%) reported having a current mentor. Number of mentors (r =.33; p <.01), mentorship meetings (r =.35; p <.01), and mentorship quality (r =.33; p <.01) were significantly correlated to a standardized measure of academic self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was significantly associated with academic productivity (r =.44; p <.001) and career satisfaction (r =.29; p <.05). The top barriers to scholarship productivity were time and lack of access to resources. Faculty members without a mentor endorsed more barriers to scholarship (p <.001) than those with a mentor. Themes that emerged from the qualitative data suggest that mentorship supports career advancement through coaching and professional development, invitations to collaborate and resource share, networking, and active teaching. Conclusion: Based on the relationship of mentoring to career outcomes, a robust faculty development program needs a formal academic mentorship program to improve career satisfaction and academic productivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-525
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic Psychiatry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2023


  • Academic self-efficacy
  • Faculty development
  • Mentorship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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