Prior investigations have employed the Health Belief Model (HBM) to predict health care utilization and cancer screening behaviors. The HBM is expanded in the current investigation to include issue involvement with breast cancer and salience of breast cancer family history. Differences in the constructs of this expanded HBM, as they relate to mammography screening, between women with positive and negative family histories of breast cancer were assessed in 378 women. Perceived benefits and barriers were found to be similar for women with positive and negative family histories of breast cancer. However, susceptibility, cues to action, salience of family history, and issue involvement were found to be more relevant for women with a positive family history of breast cancer. These findings have implications for interventions directed at increasing compliance with recommendations for breast cancer screening.
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