The Impact of Antithrombin Deficiency on Women's Reproductive Health Experiences and Healthcare Decision-Making

Ariela L. Marshall, Juliana Perez Botero, Aneel A. Ashrani, Rajiv K. Pruthi, John A. Heit, Ashish Chintakuntlawar, Jennifer C. Guenther, Mrinal M. Patnaik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Women with inherited antithrombin (AT) deficiency are at high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), especially during times of estrogen exposure, but little is known about patient-oriented reproductive decision-making in this population. Materials and Methods: Provider-administered survey of women with AT deficiency. Participants were asked to discuss their diagnosis of AT deficiency and questioned about (1) contraception, (2) pregnancies, and (3) menorrhagia, and the impact of their AT deficiency on each reproductive health experience. Results: Of 31 women with inherited AT deficiency, 18 (58%) were surveyed, 8 (26%) were unreachable, and 5 (16%) were deceased. Twelve (67%) had a VTE, including two which occurred during pregnancy and five during oral contraceptive (OCP) use. Women reported using OCPs, intrauterine device (IUD), and condoms for contraception. Of five women diagnosed with AT deficiency while taking OCPs, three switched to an IUD, one to condoms, and one used no alternative method. Eighteen women reported 42 total pregnancies, with 33 (79%) resulting in live term birth, 3 (7%) in live preterm birth, and 6 (14%) in spontaneous abortion at a median of 12 weeks. Four (22%) women reported the use of anticoagulation during pregnancy. Eleven (61%) women reported menorrhagia and 4 (36%), while on anticoagulation for VTE events. Ten of 18 women (56%) reported that the diagnosis of AT had affected their reproductive health in some way. Conclusion: Women with AT deficiency require careful multidisciplinary management to avoid complications in the setting of contraception and pregnancy. AT deficiency impacts women's reproductive health experiences and patient-oriented reproductive decision-making is key.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1350-1355
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2017


  • antithrombin deficiency
  • patient-centered research
  • reproductive health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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