The cyclin E promoter is activated by human cytomegalovirus 86-kDa immediate early protein

Wade A. Bresnahan, Thomas Albrecht, E. Aubrey Thompson

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76 Scopus citations


Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) activates cyclin E/Cdk2, which regulates cell cycle progression in G1 and S phase of the cell cycle. HCMV activation of cyclin E/Cdk2 can be demonstrated in cells that are refractory to normal mitotic stimuli. This observation suggests that the virus has some means to overcome the stringent control on expression of cell cycle progression factors that is characteristic of cells in the G0 state. One of the mechanisms involved in activation of cyclin E/Cdk2 is the induction of cyclin E expression. We report here that HCMV induces cyclin E expression through a transcriptional mechanism. The cyclin E gene is activated by the HCMV 86-kDa immediate early gene product (IE86), which directly binds to nucleotide sequences within the cyclin E promoter. An IE86 DNA-binding mutant neither binds nor activates the cyclin E promoter. IE86-binding sites within the cyclin E promoter are required for IE86-mediated activation, and deletion of the IE86-binding site inhibits IE86 activation of the cyclin E promoter. We also demonstrate that mutation of the known E2F-binding sites in the cyclin E promoter does not block activation by HCMV or IE86. These data provide a molecular mechanism for HCMV induction of cyclin E and represent the first report of IE86 directly binding to a cellular promoter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22075-22082
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number34
StatePublished - Aug 21 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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