The Black Esophagus

Alex Geller, Humberto Aguilar, Lawrence Burgart, Christopher J. Gostout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


A dark‐pigmented (black) esophagus is a rare observation during the course of upper endnscopy. The differential diagnosis of a black esophagus includes acute necrotizing esophagitis, exogenous dye ingestion, lye in gestion, malignant melanoma, melanosis, and pseudomelanosis esophagi. Many of these conditions are suggested by the history and associated endoscopic findings. In most patients, a biopsy is needed to establish a definitive diagnosis and explanation for the black‐appearing esophagus. We describe a patient with a black esophagus encountered during routine endoscopy. The clinical, endoscopic, and histopalhological features of this unusual finding are presented, along with a review of the literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2210-2212
Number of pages3
JournalThe American Journal of Gastroenterology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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