Testosterone and estradiol regulate free insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1), and dimeric IGF-I/IGFBP-1 concentrations

Johannes D. Veldhuis, Jan Frystyk, Ali Iranmanesh, Hans Ørskov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


The present study tests the clinical postulate that elevated testosterone (Te) and estradiol (E2) concentrations modulate the effects of constant iv infusion of saline vs. recombinant human IGF-I on free IGF-I, IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-1, and dimeric IGF-I/IGFBP-1 concentrations in healthy aging adults. To this end, comparisons were made after administration of placebo (Pl) vs. Te in eight older men (aged 61 ± 4 yr) and after Pl vs. E 2 in eight postmenopausal women (62 ± 3 yr). In the saline session, E2 lowered and Te increased total IGF-I; E2 specifically elevated IGFBP-1 by 1.5-fold and suppressed free IGF-I by 34%; and E2 increased binary IGF-I/IGFBP-1 by 5-fold more than Te. During IGF-I infusion, the following were found: 1) total and free IGF-I rose 1.4- to 2.0-fold (Pl) and 2.1-2.5-fold (Te) more rapidly in men than women; 2) binary IGF-I/IGFBP-1 increased 3.4-fold more rapidly in men (Te) than women (E 2); and 3) end-infusion free IGF-I was 1.6-fold higher in men than women. In summary, E2, compared with Te supplementation, lowers concentrations of total and ultrafiltratably free IGF-I and elevates those of IGFBP-1 and binary IGF-I/IGFBP-1, thus putatively limiting IGF-I bioavailability. If free IGF-I mediates certain biological actions, then exogenous Te and E2 may modulate the tissue effects of total IGF-I concentrations unequally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2941-2947
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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