Surveillance mammography after treatment for male breast cancer

Siddhartha Yadav, Lindsey Sangaralingham, Stephanie R. Payne, Karthik V. Giridhar, Tina J. Hieken, Judy C. Boughey, Robert W. Mutter, John R. Hawse, Rafael E. Jimenez, Rachel A. Freedman, Sadia Khanani, Fergus J. Couch, Celine Vachon, Nilay Shah, Roberto A. Leon-Ferre, Kathryn J. Ruddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To identify the practice patterns related to use of surveillance mammography in male breast cancer (MaBC) survivors. Methods: Using administrative claims data from OptumLabs Data Warehouse, we identified men who underwent surgery for breast cancer during 2007–2017. We calculated the proportion of men who had at least one mammogram (a) within 13 months for all patients and (b) within 24 months amongst those who maintained their insurance coverage for at least that length of time after surgery. Multivariate logistic regression modeling was used to identify factors associated with mammography within each timeframe. Results: Out of 729 total MaBC survivors, 209 (29%) underwent mammography within 13 months after surgery. Among those who had lumpectomy, 41% underwent mammography, whereas among those who had mastectomy, 27% had mammography. Amongst 526 men who maintained consistent insurance coverage for 24 months after surgery, 215 (41%) underwent mammography at least once during that 24-month period. In this cohort, the proportion who had at least one mammogram during the 24-month period was 49% after lumpectomy and 40% after mastectomy. In a multivariate logistic regression model, more recent diagnosis (2015+) and older age at diagnosis were associated with lower odds of undergoing mammography, while receipt of radiation was associated with higher odds of undergoing mammography. Conclusions: Although recent ASCO guidelines recommend surveillance mammography after lumpectomy, a minority of MaBC survivors undergo surveillance mammography, even after lumpectomy. This is likely due to the paucity of data regarding the true benefits and harms of surveillance/screening mammography for MaBC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-698
Number of pages6
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • Breast neoplasms
  • Male breast cancer
  • Mammography
  • Survivorship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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