Surgical outcomes of excisional goniotomy using the kahook dual blade in severe and refractory glaucoma: 12-month results

Giorgio Enrico Bravetti, Kevin Gillmann, Lauriane Salinas, John P. Berdahl, Gabriel S. Lazcano-Gomez, Blake K. Williamson, Syril K. Dorairaj, Leonard K. Seibold, Sanjay Smith, Ahmad A. Aref, Jason K. Darlington, Jesus Jimenez-Roman, Ahad Mahootchi, Kaweh Mansouri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To describe the efficacy and safety of goniotomy with trabecular meshwork excision using the Kahook Dual Blade (KDB, New World Medical Inc., Rancho Cucamonga, CA) in patients with severe or refractory glaucoma. Methods: This retrospective multicentre case series reports on 40 eyes with severe or refractory open-angle glaucoma that underwent standalone or combined KDB goniotomy and were followed for 12 months post-operatively in the United-States, Mexico and Switzerland. Surgical success was defined as an intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction ≥20% from baseline at 12 months, with fewer medications than preoperatively. Mean IOP and antiglaucoma medication reduction, probabilities of achieving an IOP ≤16 or 18 mmHg, and adverse events were also analysed. Results: Mean IOP decreased from 18.1 ± 5.0 mmHg at baseline to 14.8 ± 3.7 mmHg at 12 months (18.2% reduction, P < 0.001). Concomitantly, the mean number of glaucoma medications decreased from 2.5 ± 1.4 to 1.7 ± 1.2 (32% reduction, P = 0.002). The proportion of eyes achieving an IOP reduction of more than 20% from baseline was 37.5% (n = 15) at 12 months. At 12 months, 67.5% and 82.5% achieved a medicated IOP ≤ 16 and ≤18 mmHg, respectively. No severe complications were reported. Conclusion: Excisional goniotomy with KDB achieves a statistically significant IOP and antiglaucoma medication reduction in severe or refractory glaucoma over a period of 12 months. While its efficacy decreases with time, its favourable safety profile makes it a potentially useful primary or adjunctive procedure in high-risk eyes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1608-1613
Number of pages6
JournalEye (Basingstoke)
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jun 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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