Sudden Cardiac Death: Epidemiology, Circadian Variation, and Triggers

Karim D. Mahmoud, Bart J.G.L. de Smet, Felix Zijlstra, Charanjit S. Rihal, David R. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains a major health issue accounting for over 5% of annual mortality in the Western world. There are several causes of SCD, most commonly, coronary artery disease. Although identifying the prodrome of SCD has attracted considerable interest, a large proportion of patients die before any medical contact is established. SCD onset seems to follow a circadian pattern, most likely because of exposure to endogenous and exogenous triggers. The aim of the present report is to review the current knowledge of epidemiology, patterns of onset, and triggers of SCD and present directions for future research with a focus on coronary artery disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-80
Number of pages25
JournalCurrent Problems in Cardiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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