Primary cranial vault lymphoma (PCVL) is a rare lymphoma involving the skull with or without extra-and intracranial extension. Most cases of PCVL are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We report a case of primary cranial vault diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PCV-DLBCL) that was successfully treated with anthracycline-based chemoimmunotherapy (CIT) alternating with central nervous system (CNS)-directed CIT with high-dose methotrexate and high-dose cytarabine. CNS-centric therapy was given for suspected cerebral cortical involvement and presumed elevated risk of CNS recurrence. The patient has remained in complete remission for 4.25 years following treatment. We suggest that PCV-DLBCL is potentially curable with CNS-directed therapy. Additionally, we provide genomic profiling results indicating an indeterminate cell of origin and multiple genetic mutations which are not frequently seen in DLBCL.
- central nervous system
- diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
- scalp lesions
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