Study of columnar defect formation in MOD YBCO film using chemical doping

Jin Chen, Yuxiang Zhou, S. Ghalsasi, I. Rusakova, Kamel Salama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This paper describes a promising route to introduce columnar defects into YBCO films by chemical doping process. A series of Y203 and BaZrO3 doped YBCO films were fabricated by a TFA-MOD process. The Jc of Y203 doped YBCO film was found to be larger than that of pure YBCO film at all fields though no columnar defects were observed. On the other hand, high density nanoscale Zr enriched columnar defects were successfully achieved in Zr-doped YBCO. The size of these defects was as small as 10 nm. Effects of heat treatment temperatures (760°C ∼ 820°C), dwell times (0.5 h∼3 h) and partial pressures of oxygen (0∼1%) on defects formation in BaZrO3 doped YBCO were investigated. It was found that the formation of columnar defects depends on process conditions. Films with such nanoscale columnar defects exhibited a significant enhancement of Jc at all fields. Maximum pinning force density exceeding 8 GN m-3 was obtained in 5% BZO-doped YBCO films.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5152945
Pages (from-to)3254-3257
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2009


  • BaZrO doping
  • Coated conductor
  • YBCO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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