Background and purpose To report outcomes and toxicities of a single-institution phase I/II study of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of unresectable hepatocellular cancer (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHC). Materials and methods Patients with Child-Pugh score less than 8 were eligible. A total of 32 lesions in 26 patients were treated with SBRT. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was performed. Toxicities were graded by CTCAEv4 criteria and response was scored by EASL guidelines. Results Median prescribed dose was 55 Gy (range 40–55 Gy) delivered in 5 fractions. Mean tumor diameter was 5.0 cm and mean GTV was 107 cc. Median follow-up was 8.8 months with a median survival of 11.1 months, and one-year overall survival was 45%. Overall response rate was 42% and one-year local control was 91%. Nine patients experienced a decline in Child-Pugh class following treatment, and two grade 5 hepatic failure toxicities occurred during study follow-up. Conclusions Primary hepatic malignancies not amenable to surgical resection portend a poor prognosis, despite available treatment options. Though radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) is rare following SBRT, this study demonstrates a risk of hepatic failure despite adherence to protocol constraints.
- Hepatocellular carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging