Sex-based differences in vascular function

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality for both men and women in the USA. However, there are differences between the sexes in age-dependent onset, severity, symptoms and outcomes. Basic research into the causes of sex-dependent differences in cardiovascular disease is ongoing and includes investigation into genetic variation in expression and distribution of receptors for the sex steroids; specificity of natural and synthetic ligands that activate the sex steroid receptors; and intracellular mechanisms that are activated by the receptors in all components of the vessel wall and blood elements, which integrate to regulate vascular tone, vascular repair and remodeling in health and disease. In this era of personalized medicine, basic research into mechanisms of sex differences in vascular function will result in improved prevention, detection and treatment of cardiovascular disease in both men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-752
Number of pages16
JournalWomen's Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2010


  • Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention study
  • Womens Health Initiative
  • cardiovascular disease
  • endothelial cells
  • estrogen
  • genetic polymorphisms
  • testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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