Robust Principal Component Analysis with Wavelet-Based Sparsity Promotion to Mitigate Reverberation Clutters for Ultrasound Attenuation Estimation

U. Wai Lok, Ping Gong, Chengwu Huang, Shanshan Tang, Chenyun Zhou, Lulu Yang, Kymberly D Watt, Matthew Callstrom, Joshua D. Trzasko, Shigao Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The ultrasound attenuation coefficient estimation (ACE) technique has diagnostic potential for quantifying liver fat content. We previously proposed a reference frequency method (RFM) for estimating the attenuation coefficient that does not require the use of a well-calibrated phantom. This method, however, may be vulnerable to severe reverberation clutters introduced by the body wall. The reverberation clutters are assumed to be static as sonographers press the transducer against the scanning area because the majority of the reverberation signals originate from the abdominal wall. In addition, it is assumed that the tissue signals consist of motion because the subject is freely breathing. The goal of this study is to estimate and suppress static reverberation clutters in received signals so that a robust ACE with large reverberation clutters can be achieved. To estimate and suppress severe reverberation clutters, we proposed using robust principal component analysis (RPCA) in conjunction with wavelet-based sparsity promotion. The benefit of wavelet-based sparsity promotion is that it projects tissue signals into the wavelet domain in order to fitful the sparsity condition in the RPCA. The proposed method was validated on two calibrated tissue-mimicking phantoms (0.95 dB/cm/MHz and 0.68 dB/cm/MHz), where tissue signals were mixed with reverberation clutters. The proposed method produced better attenuation coefficient estimation (0.93 dB/cm/MHz and 0.67 dB/cm/MHz) than without the proposed method (0.81 dB/cm/MHz and 0.5 dB/cm/MHz).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIUS 2022 - IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781665466578
StatePublished - 2022
Event2022 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2022 - Venice, Italy
Duration: Oct 10 2022Oct 13 2022

Publication series

NameIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
ISSN (Print)1948-5719
ISSN (Electronic)1948-5727


Conference2022 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2022


  • 3-D reconstruction
  • Variational network
  • ultrasound imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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